2010
01.08

It has been way too long since the last post, so here is something you might find useful.

A couple of months back we noticed that our commercially hosted svn and trac repositories were becoming quite unresponsive and slow, which held up development albeit only slightly. Time is money as they say, so we decided to cancel our commercial hosting and go for a local svn set up on our development server (just an old networked dell laptop, not very high specs at all). Our dev server is just a freebsd 7.1 install on an old dell laptop, which already had Apache, MySQL and PHP installed (FAMP server). For this guide you will need to have at least Apache installed (plus a few other port installs which I will detail below), but if you’re going to install Apache you might as well go all the way and have MySQL and PHP, see here and here posts on this. This guide is mainly for FreeBSD, although steps should be similar for Ubuntu, although your installs are very different, where appropriate I’ll put the ubuntu alternative installation steps.

Assuming you have already set up your FAMP server, next steps are as follows:

Install subversion

Use the make options as defined below. At the time of writing I am installing subversion 1.6.6

cd /usr/ports/devel/subversion
make install clean
Subversion make options

Subversion make options

This might take a while depending on how many dependencies need to be installed.

Install trac

Leave the options as they are or copy from below. At time of writing I am installing trac 0.11.5

cd /usr/ports/www/trac
make install clean
trac make options

trac make options

Install mod_python for apache

From /usr/ports/www/mod_python3. Trac runs on python, the trac website neds to be handled by python so we need to install this apache module for the trac website(s) to work

cd /usr/ports/www/mod_python3
make install clean

Apache needs to be set up to enable the new mod_python module, so edit the httpd.conf file located in /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf add the following to the end of the LoadModule section if it is not there already.

LoadModule python_module libexec/apache22/mod_python.so

Install Git (optional)

There is a trac plugin to work with git repositiories if you prefer that to svn. I will not go into git now, see my next post for integrating trac with a git repository.

cd /usr/ports/devel/git
make install clean
git make options

git make options

You do not need perforce or cvs support unless you want it. I have never used either, only subversion. You will not be able to install the GUI Tools without install the X11 windowing system. If you have already got X11 installed, then I would recommend installing the GUI tools as they can help with visualising the current branch on the development tree, but if not then do not bother as X11 takes AGES to install and will bloat your system with hundreds of dependencies.

Install the trac git plugin (optional)

You can install the trac git plugin if you want to work with git repositories rather than svn.

cd /usr/ports/www/trac-gitplugin
make install clean

Ubuntu install steps for the all of the above are below(they are a lot simpler and quicker! Ubuntu uses pre-compiled files binary files and automatically sets up apache with the relevant modules loaded):

sudo apt-get install subversion
sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-python
sudo apt-get install libapache2-svn
sudo apt-get install trac
sudo apt-get install git-core
sudo apt-get install trac-git

Now that we have all the programs we need lets go on to set up an svn repository.

Create an SVN repository

First we need to decide where we are going to have our svn repository, where ever you decide to keep it, you will need to make sure it is readable (and writable if you want to make checkins) by the apache user. For this example I am storing all my svn repositories under one location, /usr/local/svn. Make sure you are root and run the following:

cd /usr/local
mkdir svn
cd svn
mkdir repositories
cd respositories
mkdir Test
svnadmin create Test
cd /usr/local/svn
htpasswd -c .passwd [Username]
[Enter password, and again]
chown -R www /usr/local/svn

Ok, the steps above we created a location where we are going to store our svn repositories, we created one respository called Test, then we created an apache basic authentication access file which the svn server will use to authenticate the users. Finally we changed the owner of the entire svn directory over to the apache web user. Ubuntu users can perform the same steps, feel free to choose a different location than /usr/local, this is common practice in a freebsd system.

Setup Apache to serve our SVN repository

Now we need to tell apache which directory contains our svn repository. As root create the following file by running:

touch /usr/local/etc/apache22/Includes/svn.conf

Ubuntu users:

touch /etc/apache2/conf.d/svn.conf

Then edit that file and save the following in it:

<Location /svn>
DAV svn
SVNParentPath /usr/local/svn/repositories
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Subversion access"
AuthUserFile /usr/local/svn/.passwd
Require valid-user
</Location>

Now if you restart your apache webserver (apachectl restart) and navigate to http://[server address]/svn/Test you should be asked for your username and password. Once you have logged in you should see your empty repository!

Create a trac repository

Now we will create a trac repository, I will follow the same logic as for the svn repositories and keep all the trac repositories under /usr/local/trac. As root again run:

cd /usr/local
mkdir trac
cd trac
mkdir Test
trac-admin Test initenv

trac-admin is an interactive program and you will be asked a series of questions to set up the trac repository. You will have to enter or accept the default value (by pressing return) at the following prompts:

Project Name [My Project]> Test
Database connection string [sqlite:db/trac.db]>
Repository type [svn]>
Path to repository [/path/to/repos]> /usr/local/svn/repositories/Test

When you have finished change the owner of the trac folder to the apache web user:

chown -R www /usr/local/trac

The steps are again the same for Ubuntu users.

Setup apache to serve our trac repository

Apache needs to serve the trac repository using the mod_python module we installed earlier. To set this up, create the configuration file by running the following as root:

touch /usr/local/etc/apache22/Includes/trac.conf

Ubuntu users:

touch /etc/apache2/conf.d/trac.conf

Save the following text in the new file:

<Location /trac/MyRepoName>
SetHandler mod_python
PythonHandler trac.web.modpython_frontend
PythonOption TracEnv /usr/local/trac/Test
PythonOption TracUriRoot /trac/Test
AuthType Basic
AuthName “trac access”
AuthUserFile /usr/local/svn/.passwd
Require valid-user
</Location>
<Location /trac/MyRepoName>
SetHandler mod_python
PythonHandler trac.web.modpython_frontend
PythonOption TracEnv /usr/local/trac/Test
PythonOption TracUriRoot /trac/Test
AuthType Basic
AuthName "trac access"
AuthUserFile /usr/local/svn/.passwd
Require valid-user
</Location>

Now if you restart apache again by running apachectl restart and navigate to http://[server address]/trac/Test you should be asked to authenticate and see your trac site!

Testing the SVN repository

To test the repository we will checkout a working copy, in your users home directory, try the following:

mkdir svnworkingcopy
cd svnworkingcopy
svn checkout http://[server address]/svn/Test . --username [username]
[Enter password]
svn mkdir trunk branches tags
svn commit -m "Checking in svn directory structure"

Now if you go back to the trac site and click the Timeline button you should see the first commit with the message. Click on Browse source to see the directory structure we just created. You now have everything you need to work with your trac and svn repository and to start adding and committing your project code.

Look out for the next post which will detail a few more steps to get more out of your trac server setup including:

  • Using a git repository instead by using the trac git plugin
  • A few extras steps that will help integrating your trac repository with the Eclipse Mylyn trac connector
  • A svn post-commit hook to automatically add comments or close your trac tickets, simply by referring to a ticket number in your svn commit messages

4 comments so far

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  1. […] here: The Open Coder » Setting up a svn and trac server Posted in Object, software. Tags: development, flock, following, Object, php, project, software, […]

  2. […] It has been another long time between posts, but here is as promised, but very delayed, the second part to this post. […]

  3. I got to the point of testing my SVN repository from a browser and am getting a nasty error: child pid 33644 exit signal Segmentation fault (11). I’m not sure where to go from here.
    –System info–
    FreeBSD 9.0-RELEASE
    apache-2.2.22_5
    subversion-1.7.4_1
    trac-0.12.3

  4. Sorry, a segmentation fault is a very vague error. Could be caused by a number of reasons, where did you see this error? Was it in your apache error logs? Can you use the svn command line on the server? I’m not sure I’ll be much help with this. I switched to git and GitHub about 2 years ago.